Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 429179
Title Schmallenberg virus in Culicoides spp. biting midges, the Netherlands, 2011
Author(s) Elbers, A.R.W.; Meiswinkel, R.; Weezep, E. van; Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, M.M.; Kooi, E.A.
Source Emerging Infectious Diseases 19 (2013)1. - ISSN 1080-6040 - p. 106 - 109.
DOI https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1901.121054
Department(s) CVI Diagnostics and Crisis
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2013
Keyword(s) ephemeral fever - culicoides - cattle - arthropods - isolations - europe
Abstract To determine which species of Culicoides biting midges carry Schmallenberg virus (SBV), we assayed midges collected in the Netherlands during autumn 2011. SBV RNA was found in C. scoticus, C. obsoletus sensu stricto, and C. chiopterus. The high proportion of infected midges might explain the rapid spread of SBV throughout Europe. During early summer 2011, Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel orthobunyavirus of the Simbu serogroup, spread across much of northern Europe, infecting ruminant livestock. The Simbu serogroup (family Bunyaviridae, genus Bunyavirus) includes Shamonda virus, Akabane virus, Sathuperi virus, and Aino virus. These viruses cause teratologic effects in ruminants and are arthropod-borne, and most have been isolated in the Old World from mosquitoes and Culicoides spp. biting midges (1). Recent preliminary studies indicate that =1 species of Culicoides midges act as field vectors for SBV in Europe (2). To determine which Culicoides midge species harbor SBV, we analyzed midges collected from 3 livestock holdings in eastern and northeastern parts of the Netherlands.
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