Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 429209
Title Apelin Enhances Cardiac Neovascularization After Myocardial Infarction By Recruiting Aplnr+ Circulating Cells
Author(s) Tempel, D.; Boer, M. de; Deel, E.D. van; Haasdijk, A.; Duncker, D.J.; Cheng, C.; Schulte-Merker, S.; Duckers, H.J.
Source Circulation Research 111 (2012). - ISSN 0009-7330 - p. 585 - 598.
Department(s) Experimental Zoology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) endothelial progenitor cells - protein-coupled receptor - hematopoietic stem-cells - bone-marrow - vascular development - angiogenic factor - plasma apelin - apj - mobilization - ligand
Abstract Rationale: Neovascularization stimulated by local or recruited stem cells after ischemia is a key process that salvages damaged tissue and shows similarities with embryonic vascularization. Apelin receptor (Aplnr) and its endogenous ligand apelin play an important role in cardiovascular development. However, the role of apelin signaling in stem cell recruitment after ischemia is unknown. Objective: To investigate the role of apelin signaling in recruitment after ischemia. Methods and Results: Aplnr was specifically expressed in circulating cKit+/Flk1+ cells but not in circulating Sca1+/Flk1+ and Lin+ cells. cKit+/Flk1+/Aplnr+ cells increased significantly early after myocardial ischemia but not after hind limb ischemia, indicative of an important role for apelin/Aplnr in cell recruitment during the nascent biological repair response after myocardial damage. In line with this finding, apelin expression was upregulated in the infarcted myocardium. Injection of apelin into the ischemic myocardium resulted in accelerated and increased recruitment of cKit+/Flk1+/Aplnr+ cells to the heart. Recruited Aplnr+/cKit+/Flk1+ cells promoted neovascularization in the peri-infarct area by paracrine activity rather than active transdifferentiation, resulting into cardioprotection as indicated by diminished scar formation and improved residual cardiac function. Aplnr knockdown in the bone marrow resulted in aggravation of myocardial ischemia–associated damage, which could not be rescued by apelin. Conclusions: We conclude that apelin functions as a new and potent chemoattractant for circulating cKit+/Flk1+/Aplnr+ cells during early myocardial repair, providing myocardial protection against ischemic damage by improving neovascularization via paracine action.
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