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Record number 429903
Title Effects of a botanical larvicide derived from Azadirachta indica (the neem tree) on oviposition behaviour in Anopheles gambiae s.s. mosquitoes
Author(s) Howard, A.F.V.; Adongo, E.A.; Vulule, J.; Githure, J.
Source Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5 (2011)10. - ISSN 1996-0875 - p. 1948 - 1954.
Department(s) Laboratory of Entomology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) malaria vector mosquitos - western kenya - body-size - diptera-culicidae - culex mosquitos - sensu-stricto - giles - volatiles - stephensi - fecundity
Abstract More focus is given to mosquito larval control due to the necessity to use several control techniques together in integrated vector management programmes. Botanical products are thought to be able to provide effective, sustainable and cheap mosquito larval control tools. However, bio-larvicides like Azadirachta indica (neem) could repel adult mosquitoes from laying their eggs in the treated larval habitats. In this study the response of Anopheles gambiae s.s. mosquitoes towards varying doses of crude aqueous neem extracts was examined. Non-choice oviposition tests were used to measure the proportion of mosquitoes laying on the first or second night, or not laying at all, when compared to the control. For each individual mosquito, the number of eggs laid and/or retained in the ovary was counted to determine the relationship between wing length and egg production. Larger female mosquitoes produced larger egg batches. The results show that at a dose of 0.1 g/l, a concentration previously found to be effective at controlling mosquito larvae, the oviposition behaviour of adult female mosquitoes was not significantly affected. The results indicate that the mosquitoes would expose progeny to this neem control tool, making the use of these simple neem wood extracts effective and potentially sustainable.
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