Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 430435
Title Behaviour and performance of traders in the gum arabic supply chain in Senegal: Investigating oligopsonistic myths
Author(s) Mujawamariya, G.; Burger, C.P.J.; Haese, M.F.C. D'
Event International Association of Agricultural Economists>2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, 2012-08-18/2012-08-24
Department(s) Development Economics Group
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2012
Abstract Farmers face monopsonist/oligopsonist structures in agricultural or forest products markets because of the limited choice of traders/buyers. As a consequence, these farmers and traders alike, in successive transactions along the supply chain, may get lower prices in selling their products. This leads to a problem of double (or even multiple) marginalisation. We investigate oligopsonist tendencies in the trade of gum arabic, a non-timber forest product which is widely used as an additive in food and non-food industries. We compute traders’ shares and a corresponding Herfindahl index in primary, transport and wholesale markets of gum arabic in Senegal to analyse the market concentration; through a gllamm procedure we analyse determinants of these market shares and finally by a weighted least square regression, we analyse determinants of marketing margins of individual traders. The computed Herfindahl index was found too low to have any influence on margins and hence oligopsonist powers could not be confirmed. Instead traders’ margins depend on costs, risk and uncertainty that they face. Consequently, traders were not found exploitative; their power is derived from access to capital and market characteristics.
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