Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 430441
Title Water users associations and agricultural water use efficiency in northern China
Author(s) Lei Zhang, ; Heerink, N.; Dries, L.K.E.; Qu Futian, F.
Event International Association of Agricultural Economists>2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, 2012-08-18/2012-08-24
Department(s) Development Economics Group
Agricultural Economics and Rural Policy Group
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2012
Abstract Traditional irrigation water management systems in China are increasingly replaced by user-based, participatory management through water users associations (WUAs) with the purpose to promote more efficient water use and higher farm incomes. Existing research shows that significant differences exist in the institutional setup of WUAs in China, and that WUAs have not been universally successful in saving water and improving farm incomes. This paper aims to examine the underlying causes of differences in WUA performance by analysing the impact of WUA characteristics on the efficiency of agricultural water use. Explanatory variables in our analysis are largely based on Agrawal’s user-based resource governance framework. Applying a random intercept regression model to data collected among 21 WUAs and 315 households in Minle county in northern China, we find that group characteristics, particularly group size and number of water users groups, and the existing pressure on available water resources are important factors in water use efficiency. We further find that WUA characteristics that positively affect water savings in crop production tend to increase the costs of inputs used in crop production, and thereby reduce or even fully offset the potential positive impact of water savings on farm incomes in our research area.
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