Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 430776
Title Moderate abiotic stresses increase rhizome growth and outgrowth of axillary buds in Alstroemeria cultured in vitro
Author(s) Pumisutapon, P.; Visser, R.G.F.; Klerk, G.J. De
Source Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture: an international journal on in vitro culture of higher plants 110 (2012)3. - ISSN 0167-6857 - p. 395 - 400.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11240-012-0160-7
Department(s) Laboratory of Plant Breeding
EPS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) dormancy development - salicylic-acid - abscisic-acid - plants - ethylene - morphology - heat - thermotolerance - protection - responses
Abstract Alstroemeria is multiplied in vitro by forced outgrowth of lateral rhizomes from rhizome explants. The multiplication rate is very low because of strong apical dominance and poor rhizome growth. We report here that moderate abiotic stresses stimulate both rhizome growth and outgrowth of lateral rhizomes, and accordingly increase multiplication. Rhizome explants were exposed to heat by a hot-water treatment (HWT) or by a hot-air treatment. Both increased rhizome growth when applied for 1 or 2 h in the range of 30–40 C. The maximal enhancement was 75 %. Other abiotic stresses were also examined. Cold (0 C) and partial anaerobiosis increased rhizome growth significantly. The increases brought about by drought and salinity were not statistically significant. Because underground storage tissues like rhizomes are adaptations to survive climatic stresses, we presume that the increased sink-strength of rhizomes induced by moderate stress is related to stress adaptation. Moderate heat stress (38 C HWT, 1 h) also resulted in protection of Alstroemeria plantlets from severe heat stress (45 C HWT, 1–2 h) a few hours after the moderate stress. All abiotic stresses also increased the outgrowth of lateral rhizomes.
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