Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 431379
Title Surface tension of aqueous electrolyte solutions. Thermodynamics
Author(s) Drzymala, J.; Lyklema, J.
Source The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part A: Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment, & General Theory 116 (2012)25. - ISSN 1089-5639 - p. 6465 - 6472.
Department(s) Physical Chemistry and Colloid Science
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) interface - temperature - quantities - acid
Abstract A thermodynamic theory is developed for obtaining the enthalpic and entropic contributions to the surface excess Gibbs energy of electrolyte solutions from the dependence of the surface tension on concentration and temperature. For elaboration, accurate activity coefficients in solution as functions of concentration and temperature are required. The theory is elaborated for (1-1) electrolytes and applied to HClO(4), HNO(3), NaCl, NaBr, and LiCl, of which the first two adsorb positively and the other three negatively. One of the conspicuous outcomes is that in all cases, the surface excess entropies slightly decrease with electrolyte activity but remain close to that of pure water, whereas the enthalpy is different from that. The implication is that the driving force for positive or negative adsorption must have an enthalpic origin. This finding can be useful in developing and evaluating theoretical models for the interpretation of surface tensions of electrolyte solutions.
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