Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 431635
Title Virus hazards from food, water and other contaminated environments
Author(s) Rodriguez-Lázaro, D.; Cook, N.; Ruggeri, F.M.; Sellwood, J.; Nasser, A.; Nascimento, M.S.; Agostino, M. D'; Santos, R.; Saiz, J.C.; Rzezutka, A.; Bosch, A.; Girones, R.; Carducci, A.; Muscullo, M.; Kovac, K.; Diez-Valcarce, M.; Vantarakis, A.; Bonsdorff, C.H.; Roda Husman, A.M. de; Hernández, M.; Poel, W.H.M. van der
Source FEMS Microbiology Reviews 36 (2012)4. - ISSN 0168-6445 - p. 786 - 814.
Department(s) WU Environmental SciencesDepartment of Environmental Sciences
CVI Virology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) hepatitis-e-virus - reverse transcription-pcr - human enteric viruses - polymerase-chain-reaction - norwalk-like virus - cell-culture-pcr - time rt-pcr - sequence-based amplification - human pathogenic viruses - treated drinking-water
Abstract Numerous viruses of human or animal origin can spread in the environment and infect people via water and food, mostly through ingestion and occasionally through skin contact. These viruses are released into the environment by various routes including water run-offs and aerosols. Furthermore, zoonotic viruses may infect humans exposed to contaminated surface waters. Foodstuffs of animal origin can be contaminated, and their consumption may cause human infection if the viruses are not inactivated during food processing. Molecular epidemiology and surveillance of environmental samples are necessary to elucidate the public health hazards associated with exposure to environmental viruses. Whereas monitoring of viral nucleic acids by PCR methods is relatively straightforward and well documented, detection of infectious virus particles is technically more demanding and not always possible (e.g. human norovirus or hepatitis E virus). The human pathogenic viruses that are most relevant in this context are nonenveloped and belong to the families of the Caliciviridae, Adenoviridae, Hepeviridae, Picornaviridae and Reoviridae. Sampling methods and strategies, first-choice detection methods and evaluation criteria are reviewed.
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