Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 431841
Title Global estimates of the value of ecosystems and their services in monetary units
Author(s) Groot, R.S. de; Brander, L.; Ploeg, S. van der; Costanza, R.; Bernard, F.; Braat, L.C.; Christie, M.; Crossman, N.; Ghermandi, A.; Hein, L.G.; Hussain, S.; Kumar, P.; McVittie, A.; Portela, R.; Rodriguez, L.C.; Brink, P. ten; Beukering, P.J.H. van
Source Ecosystem Services 1 (2012)1. - ISSN 2212-0416 - p. 50 - 61.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2012.07.005
Department(s) Environmental Systems Analysis Group
Alterra - Vegetation, forest and landscape ecology
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Abstract This paper gives an overview of the value of ecosystem services of 10 main biomes expressed in monetary units. In total, over 320 publications were screened covering over 300 case study locations. Approximately 1350 value estimates were coded and stored in a searchable Ecosystem Service Value Database (ESVD). A selection of 665 value estimates was used for the analysis. Acknowledging the uncertainties and contextual nature of any valuation, the analysis shows that the total value of ecosystem services is considerable and ranges between 490 int$/year for the total bundle of ecosystem services that can potentially be provided by an ‘average’ hectare of open oceans to almost 350,000 int$/year for the potential services of an ‘average’ hectare of coral reefs. More importantly, our results show that most of this value is outside the market and best considered as non-tradable public benefits. The continued over-exploitation of ecosystems thus comes at the expense of the livelihood of the poor and future generations. Given that many of the positive externalities of ecosystems are lost or strongly reduced after land use conversion better accounting for the public goods and services provided by ecosystems is crucial to improve decision making and institutions for biodiversity conservation and sustainable ecosystem management.
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