Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 431977
Title Land-use dynamics in enset-based agroforestry homegardens in Ethiopia
Author(s) Abebe, T.; Bongers, F.
Source In: Forest people interfaces. Understanding community forestry and biocultural diversity / Arts, B., van Bommel, S., Ros-Tonen, M., Verschoor, G., Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086867493 - p. 69 - 85.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3920/978-90-8686-749-3_4
Department(s) Forest and Nature Conservation Policy
Forest Ecology and Forest Management
PE&RC
Publication type Chapter in scientific book
Publication year 2012
Abstract In many tropical countries homegardens sustain large numbers of people. Households depend for their livelihoods on the variety and continued production of food and other products that are provided by their own gardens. Such homegardens combine production with the maintenance of biodiversity. Long-term sustainability of the system is crucial for the long-term wellbeing of the population, including food security. The enset-coffee system of Southern Ethiopia is an example of such agroforestry homegardens. Enset is the main food crop and coffee is the main cash crop. We analysed the homegardens of 144 households covering a range of geographical conditions. Household wealth status was the main determinant of homegarden size. In total, 198 species of cultivated crops (78) and trees (120) were found. Enset and crops were represented by 42 and 24 cultivars respectively. The homegardens were covered by around one-third of enset and one-third of coffee. Enset provides the backbone of the system as it provides food security. Our results show that the stability of the system depends both on its diversity and on the specific characteristics of the two main crops, enset and coffee. The enset-coffee homegardens are changing as farmers increasingly make individual choices and respond to emerging challenges and opportunities. The dynamics of the agroforestry homegarden of Southern Ethiopia can be considered as a productive bricolage process on the micro scale.
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