Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 432850
Title Extraction of sediment-associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with granular activated carbon
Author(s) Rakowska, M.I.; Kupryianchyk, D.; Grotenhuis, J.T.C.; Rijnaarts, H.H.M.; Koelmans, A.A.
Source Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 32 (2013)1. - ISSN 0730-7268 - p. 304 - 311.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.2066
Department(s) Sub-department of Environmental Technology
Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management
IMARES
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2013
Keyword(s) environmental black carbon - soot-like materials - san-francisco bay - polychlorinated-biphenyls - surface-chemistry - pcb bioavailability - organic-compounds - marine sediment - sorption - adsorption
Abstract Addition of activated carbon (AC) to sediments has been proposed as a method to reduce ecotoxicological risks of sediment-bound contaminants. The present study explores the effectiveness of granular AC (GAC) in extracting polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) from highly contaminated sediments. Four candidate GAC materials were screened in terms of PAH extraction efficiency using single-step 24-h GAC extractions, with traditional 24-h Tenax extraction as a reference. Subsequently, sorption of native PAHs to the best performing GAC 1240W (0.45–1.70¿mm) was studied for sediment only and for GAC–sediment mixtures at different GAC–sediment weight ratios, using 76-µm polyoxymethylene (POM) passive samplers. Granular AC sorption parameters for PAHs were determined by subtracting the contribution of PAH sorption to sediment from PAH sorption to the GAC–sediment mixture. It appears that the binding of PAHs and the effectiveness of GAC to reduce sediment porewater concentrations were highly dependent on the GAC–sediment mixing ratio and hydrophobicity of the PAH. Despite the considerable fouling of GAC by organic matter and oil, 50 to 90% of the most available PAH was extracted by the GAC during a 28-d contact time, at a dose as low as 4%, which also is a feasible dose in field-scale applications aimed at cleaning the sediment by GAC addition and removal.
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