Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 433739
Title Genetic variance in environmental sensitivity for milk and milk quality in Walloon Holstein cattle
Author(s) Vandenplas, J.; Bastin, C.; Mulder, H.A.; Gengler, N.
Source In: Book of Abstracts of the 63rd Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production, 27-31 August 2012, Bratislava, Slovakia, 27 - 31 August 2012. - Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086867615 - p. 15 - 15.
Event Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086867615 EAAP - 63rd Annual Meeting 2012, Bratislava, 2012-08-27/2012-08-31
Department(s) Animal Breeding and Genetics
LR - Backoffice
WIAS
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2012
Abstract Animals that are robust to environmental changes are desirable in the current dairy industry. This difference in environmental sensitivity can be studied through the heterogeneity of residual variance while homogeneous residual variance between animals is usually assumed homogeneous in traditional genetic evaluations. The aim of this study was to study genetic heterogeneity of residual variance by the estimation of variance components in residual variance for 5 milk and milk quality traits. 146,027 test-day records from 26,887 Walloon Holstein first-parity cows in 747 herds were available. All cows had at least 3 records and had a known sire. These sires had at least 10 cows with records and each herd x test-day had at least 5 cows. Five traits, milk yield, somatic cell score, and content in milk (g/dL) of oleic acid (C18:1 cis-9), monounsaturated and unsaturated fatty acids, were analyzed separately. Estimation of variance components was performed by running iteratively Expectation Maximization-Restricted Maximum Likelihood algorithm by the implementation of double hierarchical generalized linear models. For all traits, the genetic standard deviation in residual variance (i.e. approximately the genetic coefficient of variation of residual variance) was low and ranged between 0.12 and 0.17. The standard deviations due to herd x test day and permanent environment in residual variance ranged between 0.35 and 0.44 for herd x test-day effect and between 0.55 and 0.96 for permanent environmental effect. This study shows the heterogeneity of residual variance and the existence of some genetic variance in environmental sensitivity for all studied traits in the Walloon Holstein dairy cattle.
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