Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 435617
Title Minescapes as spaces of both dependence and contestation: The Combayo conflict in Cajamarca, Peru
Author(s) Sosa Landeo, M.; Zwarteveen, M.Z.
Event Geographies of Extractive Industries I: Territory, 2012-06-26/2012-06-26
Department(s) Irrigation and Water Engineering
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2012
Abstract Minescapes are playing fields of contestation, negotiations and struggle, as well as sites for the construction of relations of power and dependence between different actors. Understanding minescapes with frames of dichotomous interpretation that see people as either being pro or against mines results in simplifications that fail to do justice to their complexity and that are of little use for supporting peasant communities in dealing with mines. Communities simultaneously have multiple sources of income and livelihood strategies, some of which imply an identification with and dependence on the mine while others are threatened by this, and resist to it. Using the case of the Combayo conflict, in Cajamarca, Peru, I argue, that understanding minescapes requires a more multi-layered analysis, one which tries to do justice to the actors' perspectives, their claims, actions and interactions. In Combayo, the presence of the large gold mine company Yanacocha has created tensions and conflicts, involving concerns about water, work and about development more broadly. The case became dramatically famous because of the death of a peasant during protests against Yanacocha. The peasants were unfairly accused (and brought to court) of having kidnapped some mine workers, something that filled them with frustration and fear of being send to prison with a potential verdict of 30 years. The conflict escalated so much that even the Prime Minister intervened. In the paper, I describe the conflict, focusing on how the relations of dependence between peasants communities and the mine shape the spaces for action of both parties
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