Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 43699
Title Beta-glycosidase (amygdalase and linamarase) from Endomyces fibuliger (LU677): formation and crude enzymes properties.
Author(s) Brimer, L.; Nout, M.J.R.; Tuncel, G.
Source Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 49 (1998). - ISSN 0175-7598 - p. 182 - 188.
Department(s) Food Chemistry and Microbiology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1998
Abstract In our previous studies, the yeast Endomyces fibuliger LU677 was found to degrade amygdalin in bitter apricot seeds. The present investigation shows that E. fibuliger LU677 produces extracellular beta-glycosidase activity when grown in malt extract broth (MEB). Growth was very good at 25 degrees C and 30 degrees C and slightly less at 35 degrees C. When grown in MEB of pH 5 and pH 6 with addition of 0, 10 or 100 ppm amygdalin, E. fibuliger produced only slightly more biomass at pH 5, and was only slightly inhibited in the presence of amygdalin. Approximately, 60% of the added amygdalin was degraded (fastest at 35 degrees C) during an incubation period of 5 days. Supernatants of cultures grown at 25 degrees C and pH 6 for 5 days were tested for the effects of pH and temperature on activity (using amygdalin, linamarin and prunasin as substrates). Prunase activity had two pH optima (pH 4 and pH 6), amygdalase and linamarase only one each at pH 6 and pH 4-5 respectively. The linamarase activity evolved earlier than amygdalase (2 days and 4 days respectively). The data thus indicate the presence of at least two different glycosidases having different pH optima and kinetics of excretion. In the presence of amygdalin, lower glycosidase activities were generally produced. However, the amygdalin was degraded from the start of the growth, strongly indicating an uptake of amygdalin by the cells. The temperature optimum for all activities was at 40 degrees C. Activities of amygdalase (assayed at pH 4) and linamarase (at pH 6) evolving during the growth of E. fibuliger were generally higher in cultures grown at 25 degrees C and 30 degrees C. TLC analysis of amygdalin degradation products show a two-stage sequential mechanism as follows: (1) amygdalin to prunasin and (2) prunasin to cyanohydrin.
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