Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 439849
Title Blood pressure decreases more after high-carbohydrate meals than after high-protein meals in overweight adults with elevated blood pressure, but there is no difference after 4 weeks of consuming a carbohydrate-rich or protein-rich diet
Author(s) Teunissen-Beekman, K.F.M.; Dopheide, J.; Geleijnse, J.M.; Bakker, S.J.; Brink, E.J.; Leeuw, P.W. de; Serroyen, J.; Baak, M.A. van
Source The Journal of Nutrition 143 (2013)4. - ISSN 0022-3166 - p. 424 - 429.
Department(s) Chair Nutrition and Disease
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2013
Keyword(s) systemic hemodynamic-changes - randomized-trial - sympathetic activity - elderly subjects - humans - insulin - activation - ingestion - hormone - glucose
Abstract The replacement of dietary carbohydrates with proteins can lower blood pressure (BP), but the mechanisms remain unclear. This randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study aimed to compare 12-h postprandial sympathetic and hemodynamic responses after high-protein (HP) meals and high-carbohydrate (HC) meals. Fifty-two men and women with untreated elevated BP were tested on d 1 and after 4 wk of supplementation [3 × 20 g protein (HP) or maltodextrin (HC) per day]. No between-group differences were found in postprandial plasma norepinephrine on d 1 and at wk 4. On d 1, postprandial mean arterial pressure (MAP) decreased more in the HC group than in the HP group (P = 0.002). This difference was not present at 4 wk, because the postprandial decline in MAP tended to become larger in the HP group after 4 wk of supplementation (P = 0.07). On both test days, postprandial total peripheral resistance tended to decrease more in the HC group (P <0.08). After 4 wk of supplementation, cardiac output tended to increase more in the HC group (P = 0.08). In conclusion, ingestion of an HP diet induced a smaller decrease in BP on d 1 than did ingestion of an HC diet. This difference disappeared after 4 wk due to a more pronounced decrease in BP in the HP group after 4 wk than on d 1. These findings cannot explain the BP-lowering effect ascribed to dietary proteins.
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