Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 440033
Title The Formative Years of the Dutch Town Planning Movement (1850-1950)
Author(s) Valk, A.J.J. van der
Source In: A Centenary of Spatial Planning in Europe / Teixeira, J., Brussels : ECTP-CEU; Editions Outre Terre - ISBN 9789994931484 - p. 215 - 223.
Department(s) Land Use Planning
WASS
Publication type Peer reviewed book chapter
Publication year 2013
Abstract Spatial planning is planned government intervention in the use of private and public land. In the Netherlands this activity has a long history going back to the middle of the nineteenth century. The notion currently used for this practice i.e. spatial planning (in Dutch: ruimtelijke ordening), became common only after the Second World War. Before that time ‘urban expansion’ (in Dutch: stadsuitbreiding) and ‘town planning’ (in Dutch: stedenbouw) respectively were used. (Faludi & Van der Valk, 1994; Needham, 2007). In this paper a number of milestones in the history of government policy and the discipline will be considered. In addition, attention will be paid to the ideals of professionals and the development of a programme for proper town (and country) planning in practice. Planning is the work of mankind. Plans and projects reflect opinions and decisions of administrators, ordinary people and experts. The thoughts and deeds of Dirk Hudig, the pioneer of modern spatial planning in the Netherlands, are sketched out by way of illustration. Being a spider in a web of international experts he was the driving force behind the landmark 1924 international town planning conference in Amsterdam. (Dings, 2010, 32; De Ruijter, 1987, 152) In this paper Hudig is portrayed as an exponent of a movement that flew the flag for ‘make-ability’ of society. The starting point for this treatise is the topical question of assessing the current and future role of spatial planning in large societal projects in the Netherlands, e.g. the management of urban growth and sustainable spatial adaptation strategies to climate change. The question implies contemporary dissatisfaction with and doubt about the possibilities of manageability of spatial developments in the country formerly known as ‘Planner’s Paradise’. (Faludi & Van der Valk, 1994, xiii) Part of the answer is rooted in the history of the profession
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