Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 441158
Title Bending in cut Gerbera jamesonii flowers relates to adverse water relations and lack of stem sclerenchyma development, not to expansion of the stem central cavity or stem elongation
Author(s) Perik, R.R.J.; Raze, D.; Harkema, H.; Zhong, Y.; Doorn, W.G. van
Source Postharvest Biology and Technology 74 (2012). - ISSN 0925-5214 - p. 11 - 18.
Department(s) FBR Fresh Supply Chains
AFSG Quality in Chains
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) keeping-quality - bacteria
Abstract We studied stem bending in cut Gerbera flowers (Gerbera jamesonii cv. Tamara). Bending might be due to turgor loss. During vase life water uptake decreased more rapidly than transpiration, hence the flowers lost water. Net water loss did not occur in the floral head, but was found in the stem. It was largest in the segment (10-15 cm below the floral head) where bending was localised. When comparing flowers that showed stem bending with those that did not, on day 7 of vase life, the fresh weight loss of 5 cm stem segments was higher in the stems that had bent. Covering the stems with a flexible, thin sleeve of polypropylene plastic reduced transpiration and increased the time to stem bending from d 7 to d 14 of vase life. Additionally, stem bending might relate to stem elongation and to stem morphology and anatomy. Stems elongated by 1-1.5 cm, in the uppermost 10 cm, during the first two days of vase life. No relationship was found between stem elongation and bending. At harvest, the stems contained a large central cavity, starting at about 5 cm from the root-shoot junction, and ending about 10 cm below the floral head. The cavity extended upwards and laterally during vase life, but no relationship was found between cavity formation and stem bending. A cylinder of sclerenchyma in the stems was found to end about 20 cm below the floral head, in summer. Bending was correlated with the extent of sclerenchyma formation and stem lignin levels. It is concluded that stem bending is due to net water loss from the stem. particularly in the area of bending, and to low mechanical strength in the upper part of the stems, which lack a sclerenchyma cylinder.
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