Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 441321
Title Hydrological response of a small catchment burned by experimental fire
Author(s) Stoof, C.R.; Vervoort, R.W.; Iwema, J.; Elsen, H.G.M. van den; Ferreira, A.J.D.; Ritsema, C.J.
Source Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16 (2012)2. - ISSN 1027-5606 - p. 267 - 285.
DOI https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-16-267-2012
Department(s) Land Degradation and Development
Soil Physics and Land Management
SS - Soil Physics and Land Use
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) soil-water repellency - postfire runoff - overland-flow - portuguese shrubland - mediterranean basin - mountain catchments - interception loss - debris flows - stand age - forest
Abstract Fire can considerably change hydrological processes, increasing the risk of extreme flooding and erosion events. Although hydrological processes are largely affected by scale, catchment-scale studies on the hydrological impact of fire in Europe are scarce, and nested approaches are rarely used. We performed a catchment-scale experimental fire to improve insight into the drivers of fire impact on hydrology. In north-central Portugal, rainfall, canopy interception, streamflow and soil moisture were monitored in small shrub-covered paired catchments pre- and post-fire. The shrub cover was medium dense to dense (44 to 84 %) and pre-fire canopy interception was on average 48.7% of total rainfall. Fire increased streamflow volumes 1.6 times more than predicted, resulting in increased runoff coefficients and changed rainfall-streamflow relationships - although the increase in streamflow per unit rainfall was only significant at the subcatchment-scale. Fire also fastened the response of topsoil moisture to rainfall from 2.7 to 2.1 h (p = 0.058), and caused more rapid drying of topsoils after rain events. Since soil physical changes due to fire were not apparent, we suggest that changes resulting from vegetation removal played an important role in increasing streamflow after fire. Results stress that fire impact on hydrology is largely affected by scale, highlight the hydrological impact of fire on small scales, and emphasize the risk of overestimating fire impact when upscaling plot-scale studies to the catchment-scale. Finally, they increase understanding of the processes contributing to post-fire flooding and erosion events.
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