Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 44167
Title Heavy-metal balances of agro-ecosystems in the Netherlands.
Author(s) Moolenaar, S.W.; Lexmond, Th.M.
Source Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 46 (1998). - ISSN 0028-2928 - p. 171 - 192.
Department(s) Sub-department of Soil Quality
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1998
Abstract Heavy-metal flows (Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn) of arable, dairy and mixed farming systems in the Netherlands were studied, and farm-gate and field-scale balances calculated. On the field-scale, static and dynamic balances were distinguished. By determining the characteristic metal flows, it became possible to differentiate between farming systems and to select the most viable options for sustainable heavy-metal management. Crop rotation, and choice of fertilizers, clearly influenced the heavy-metal balance of arable farming systems. In dairy farming systems, the role of feed management was very important, but the effects on the heavy-metal balance were not always straightforward. Mixed farming systems compared favourably with specialized (arable or dairy) farming systems with regard to heavy-metal accumulation. Due to the internal cycling of feedstuff and manure, lower inputs were required and therefore the import of heavy-metal containing raw materials and products was minimized. Uncertainties related to the calculation of heavy-metal balances are discussed.
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