Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 441720
Title The effect of low temperatures on the toxicity of PERACLEAN Ocean
Author(s) Kaag, N.H.B.M.; Sneekes, A.C.
Source Den Helder : IMARES (Report / IMARES Wageningen UR nr. C088/13) - 21
Department(s) IMARES Experimental Ecology
Publication type Research report
Publication year 2013
Keyword(s) waterballast - schepen - waterverontreiniging - waterzuivering - koude klimaatzones - ecotoxicologie - mariene gebieden - water ballasting - ships - water pollution - water treatment - cold zones - ecotoxicology - marine areas
Categories Marine Ecology
Abstract Ballast water treatment systems are routinely tested for efficacy and residual toxicity at spring and summer temperatures in temperate areas, as that is the period when biological production is sufficiently high to match IMO testing requirements (guideline G8). Shipping, however, continues throughout the year and, as polar ice rapidly disappears, also shipping into the Arctic rapidly increases. This makes assessment of the performance of ballast water treatment technology at low temperatures urgent, especially when biocides are used. In order to assess the influence of temperature on the efficacy (toxicity) of PERACLEAN® Ocean (PO), IMARES has tested the toxicity of (PO) to various organisms at standard test temperatures and at low temperatures.
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