Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 442366
Title Bioavailability as a tool in site management
Author(s) Harmsen, J.; Naidu, R.
Source Journal of Hazardous Materials 261 (2013). - ISSN 0304-3894 - p. 840 - 846.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.12.044
Department(s) Alterra - Climate change and adaptive land and water management
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2013
Keyword(s) contaminated sediments - soil - technologies - remediation - carbon
Abstract Bioavailability can form the basis for describing potential risks that contaminants pose to the environment and human health, and for determining remedial options to reduce risks of contaminant dispersal and toxicity. In assessments of polluted sites, methods to measure bioavailability can lead to a realistic appraisal of the potential risks from exposure to contaminants. For remediation purposes the application of the principles of bioavailability can result in practices that reduce bioavailability and consequently the risk of contaminants. Moreover the costs of remediation can be reduced. Examples from projects with organic contaminants (PAHs, pesticides and PFOS) and heavy metals in The Netherlands, Mali, Mauretania, Australia and Taiwan are presented. It is shown that using bioavailability principles in risk-based approaches is an attractive option in terms of both cost and in situ management of contaminated sites. Regulatory and public acceptance is, however, still the Achilles heel of these new remediation strategies.
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