Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 443109
Title Parasite Prevalence in Lemurs: The Effect of Anthropogenic Disturbance and Natural Stress Factors from a Multi-Scale Perspective
Author(s) Winter, I.I. de; Heitkonig, I.M.A.; Hooft, W.F. van; Prins, H.H.T.; Wright, P.
Source In: 5th Congress of the European Federation for Primatology, 10-13 September 2013, Antwerp, Belgium. - Antwerpen : Karger - p. 265 - 266.
Event Antwerpen : Karger 5th Congress of the European Federation for Primatology, Antwerp, Belgium, 2013-09-10/2013-09-13
Department(s) Resource Ecology
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2013
Abstract Parasite prevalence and associated infectious diseases play an important role in ecological, social and evolutionary processes, but the potential drivers of parasite loads are still unclear. However, several forms of anthropogenic habitat disturbance have been shown to increase parasite prevalence in several animal species. In systems where social primates function as hosts for many parasites species, different interactions are expected. These can be grouped into three levels of social organization: the population, the group and the individual level. On the population level, the parasite prevalence in hosts is higher in more disturbed forest fragments close to villages, compared to less disturbed habitats. From a group perspective, higher parasite prevalence is expected in larger groups and in groups with large daily travel distances and in groups of a lower social rank. On the individual level, higher parasite loads are expected in individuals with a lower body condition, social rank and immune status. We focus on a lemur species (Eulemur rufifrons) as a model organism to explore the general mechanisms of parasite infections and transmission. Methods include the non-invasive sampling of focal animal behaviour and collecting and analysing faecal samples to assess gastrointestinal parasite prevalence. The association between parasite prevalence and reduced host fitness, combined with the parasites’ potential to spread infectious diseases among wildlife and human populations, underlines the importance of this project from an ecological, a social developmental and a conservation perspective.
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