Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 449189
Title Aborted myocardial infarction in patients with ST-segment elevation: insights from the Assessment of the Safety and Efficacy of a New Thrombolytic Regimen-3 Trial Electrocardiographic Substudy.
Author(s) Taher, T.E.; Fu, Y.; Wagner, G.; Goodman, S.G.; Fresco, C.; Granger, C.; Wallentin, L.; Werf, F. van der; Verheugt, F.W.A.; Armstrong, P.W.
Source Journal of the American College of Cardiology 44 (2004)1. - ISSN 0735-1097 - p. 38 - 43.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2004.03.041
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2004
Abstract OBJECTIVES: The investigators undertook a systematic, comprehensive analysis of the therapeutic response and clinical outcomes of reperfusion therapy for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in 5,470 patients from the Assessment of the Safety and Efficacy of a New Thrombolytic Regimen (ASSENT)-3 trial. BACKGROUND: Prompt effective reperfusion therapy for acute STEMI may attenuate major myocardial necrosis. METHODS: We prospectively collected sequential electrocardiographs and clinical data. Aborted myocardial infarction (MI) was defined as maximal creatine kinase < or =2x upper limit of normal coupled with typical evolutionary electrocardiographic changes. RESULTS: Of the patients, 727 (13.3%) had an aborted MI, with the highest frequency (25%) occurring in patients treated <1 h after symptom onset. As compared with MI patients, patients with aborted MI more often had complete ST-segment resolution at 60 min (56.3% vs. 30.2%, p < 0.001) and 180 min (61.5% vs. 53%, p < 0.001); they also had smaller infarct sizes based on QRS score at discharge (2.37 vs. 4.62, p <0.001). Mortality in aborted MI patients compared with those who had true MI was 3.9% versus 4.6% at 30-day and 7.0% versus 7.4% at 1-year. The baseline-adjusted mortality was significantly lower in patients with aborted MI (odds ratio [OR] 0.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.63 to 0.92, p = 0.005 for 30-day and OR 0.70, 95% CI 0.50 to 0.98, p = 0.035 for one year). A very low-risk subset was identified with > or =70% ST-segment resolution at 60 min whose 30-day and 1-year mortality was 1.0% and 2.7%, respectively, compared with 5.9% and 9.3% in aborted MI patients with <70% ST-segment resolution at 60 min (all p < or = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Prompt fibrinolytic treatment improved the likelihood of aborted MI. The subgroup with complete 60-min ST-segment resolution had the best clinical outcomes.
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