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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 450558
Title Maternal anxiety, maternal sensitivity, and attachment
Author(s) Stevenson-Hinde, J.; Chicot, R.; Schouldice, A.; Hinde, C.A.
Source Attachment & Human Development 15 (2013)5-6. - ISSN 1461-6734 - p. 618 - 636.
Department(s) Behavioural Ecology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2013
Keyword(s) respiratory sinus arrhythmia - behavioral-inhibition - child anxiety - depression scale - hospital anxiety - anxious mothers - heart period - disorders - parent - context
Abstract Previous research has related maternal anxiety to insecurity of attachment. Here we ask whether different aspects of maternal sensitivity mediate this link. From a community sample of intact families with 1-3 children, mothers with 4.5-year-olds were selected for low, medium, or high anxiety levels (N=98). Following Mary Ainsworth’s lead, our maternal sensitivity measures were primarily based on ratings of direct observations. Six sets of measures were obtained: positive maternal style at home (a mean of 4 different ratings); providing a sensitive framework, limit setting, allowing autonomy, criticizing/cutting in (each a mean relative frequency over two laboratory joint tasks); and tension-making (a mean of 3 different ratings in a fear-inducing task). Regression analyses showed firstly that maternal anxiety rather than behavioral inhibition or sex of child was the significant predictor of each maternal sensitivity measure; and secondly that these measures rather than maternal anxiety or sex were the significant predictors of security of attachment. Finally, ANOVA’s indicated which sets of maternal ratings were associated with each pattern of attachment (Avoidant, Secure, Ambivalent, or Controlling).
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