Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 452082
Title Metabolic adaptation during early lactation: key to cow health, longevity and a sustainable dairy production chain
Author(s) Knegsel, A.T.M. van; Hammon, H.M.; Bernabucci, U.; Bertoni, G.; Bruckmaier, R.M.; Goselink, R.M.A.; Gross, J.J.; Kuhla, B.; Metges, C.C.; Parmentier, H.K.; Trevisi, E.; Tröscher, A.; Vuuren, A.M. van
Source CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources 9 (2014). - ISSN 1749-8848 - 15 p.
Department(s) Adaptation Physiology
LR - Animal Nutrition
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2014
Abstract Enhancing longevity by reducing involuntary culling and consequently increasing productive life and lifetime production of dairy cows is not only a strategy to improve a farm’s profit, but is also related to improved animal welfare. High rates of involuntary culling in dairy cows are currently attributed to fertility problems, mastitis and locomotive disorders. Disease incidence is high in particular in the early-lactation period. The high disease incidence in early lactation has been attributed to metabolic stress related to the high metabolic priority for lactation and the inability of the cow to adapt effectively to the new lactation. Several biological mechanisms interact in the peripartum period of dairy cows and can result in this inability to adapt effectively to lactation. Biological mechanisms reviewed are metabolic adaptation, oxidative stress, immune function and inflammation, and feed intake capacity. Although relationships between these mechanisms become increasingly clear, these relationships are complex and not yet completely understood. Appropriate management of dairy cows in the peripartum period can facilitate cows to adapt to a new lactation. Nutritional and management strategies to ease adaptation are divided into strategies to restrict energy intake in the dry period, to improve energy intake in early lactation, alter repartitioning of energy between milk and body tissue, and strategies to support fat or carbohydrate metabolism. The success of various strategies, however, is often hampered by the complexity ofinteractions and high between-cow variation. We advocate for a multidisciplinary approach tounderstand and manage adaptation to a new lactation aiming at an improvement of cow welfareand longevity.
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