Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 453983
Title Abiotic stress QTLs in lettuce crop–wild hybrids: comparing greenhouse and field experiments
Author(s) Hartman, Y.; Hooftman, D.A.P.; Uwimana, B.; Schranz, M.E.; Wiel, C.C.M. van de; Smulders, M.J.M.; Visser, R.G.F.; Michelmore, R.W.; Tienderen, P.H. van
Source Ecology and Evolution 4 (2014)12. - ISSN 2045-7758 - p. 2395 - 2409.
Department(s) Laboratory of Plant Breeding
WUR Plant Breeding
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2014
Keyword(s) quantitative trait loci - genetically-modified crops - lactuca-sativa l. - domestication traits - root architecture - weedy populations - linkage maps - selection - introgression - tolerance
Abstract The development of stress-tolerant crops is an increasingly important goal of current crop breeding. A higher abiotic stress tolerance could increase the probability of introgression of genes from crops to wild relatives. This is particularly relevant to the discussion on the risks of new GM crops that may be engineered to increase abiotic stress resistance. We investigated abiotic stress QTL in greenhouse and field experiments in which we subjected recombinant inbred lines from a cross between cultivated Lactuca sativa cv. Salinas and its wild relative L. serriola to drought, low nutrients, salt stress, and aboveground competition. Aboveground biomass at the end of the rosette stage was used as a proxy for the performance of plants under a particular stress. We detected a mosaic of abiotic stress QTL over the entire genome with little overlap between QTL from different stresses. The two QTL clusters that were identified reflected general growth rather than specific stress responses and colocated with clusters found in earlier studies for leaf shape and flowering time. Genetic correlations across treatments were often higher among different stress treatments within the same experiment (greenhouse or field), than among the same type of stress applied in different experiments. Moreover, the effects of the field stress treatments were more correlated with those of the greenhouse competition treatments than to those of the other greenhouse stress experiments, suggesting that competition rather than abiotic stress is a major factor in the field. In conclusion, the introgression risk of stress tolerance (trans-)genes under field conditions cannot easily be predicted based on genomic background selection patterns from controlled QTL experiments in greenhouses, especially field data will be needed to assess potential (negative) ecological effects of introgression of these transgenes into wild relatives.
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