Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 456547
Title Ecological intensification of agriculture - sustainable by nature
Author(s) Tittonell, P.A.
Source Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 8 (2014). - ISSN 1877-3435 - p. 53 - 61.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2014.08.006
Department(s) Farming Systems Ecology
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2014
Keyword(s) organic agriculture - adaptive management - ecosystem services - food security - farming systems - pest-control - land-use - biodiversity - agroecology - africa
Abstract Strategies towards agricultural intensification differ on the definitions of sustainability and the variables included in its evaluation. Different notions of the qualifiers of intensification (ecological, sustainable, durable, etc.) need to be unpacked. This paper examines conceptual differences between sustainable and ecological intensification as used in research, development, policy and the industry, particularly with respect to the balance between agriculture and nature. The study compares different discourses on models of intensification that differ in the role nature plays in the actual design of the systems. While sustainable intensification is generally loosely defined, so that almost any model or technology can be labeled under it, ecological intensification proposes landscape approaches that make smart use of the natural functionalities that ecosystems offer. The aim is to design multifunctional agroecosystems that are both sustained by nature and sustainable in their nature.
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