Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 477430
Title Impact of Diet on Human Intestinal Microbiota and Health
Author(s) Salonen, A.; Vos, W.M. de
Source Annual Review of Food Science and Technology 5 (2014). - ISSN 1941-1413 - p. 239 - 262.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-food-030212-182554
Department(s) Microbiological Laboratory
VLAG
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2014
Keyword(s) human gut microbiota - high-fat diet - total parenteral-nutrition - irritable-bowel-syndrome - colon-cancer risk - induced obesity - bile-acids - lipid-metabolism - crohns-disease - akkermansia-muciniphila
Abstract Our intestinal microbiota is involved in the breakdown and bioconversion of dietary and host components that are not degraded and taken up by our own digestive system. The end products generated by our microbiota fuel our enterocytes and support growth but also have signaling functions that generate systemic immune and metabolic responses. Due to the immense metabolic capacity of the intestinal microbiota and its relatively high plasticity, there is great interest in identifying dietary approaches that allow intentional and predictable modulation of the microbiota. In this article, we review the current insights on dietary influence on the human intestinal microbiota based on recent high-throughput molecular studies and interconnections with health. We focus especially on the emerging data that identify the amount and type of dietary fat as significant modulators of the colonic microbiota and its metabolic output.
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