Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 490697
Title Health Gain by Salt Reduction in Europe: A Modelling Study
Author(s) Hendriksen, M.A.H.; Raaij, J.M.A. van; Geleijnse, J.M.; Breda, J.; Boshuizen, H.C.
Source PLoS One 10 (2015)3. - ISSN 1932-6203
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118873
Department(s) Chair Nutrition and Health over the Lifecourse
Chair Nutrition and Disease
Biometris (WU MAT)
VLAG
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015
Keyword(s) dietary-sodium intake - h urinary sodium - cardiovascular-disease - cost-effectiveness - blood-pressure - heart-failure - adults - prevention - risk - interventions
Abstract Excessive salt intake is associated with hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Salt intake exceeds the World Health Organization population nutrition goal of 5 grams per day in the European region. We assessed the health impact of salt reduction in nine European countries (Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom). Through literature research we obtained current salt intake and systolic blood pressure levels of the nine countries. The population health modeling tool DYNAMO-HIA including country-specific disease data was used to predict the changes in prevalence of ischemic heart disease and stroke for each country estimating the effect of salt reduction through its effect on blood pressure levels. A 30% salt reduction would reduce the prevalence of stroke by 6.4% in Finland to 13.5% in Poland. Ischemic heart disease would be decreased by 4.1% in Finland to 8.9% in Poland. When salt intake is reduced to the WHO population nutrient goal, it would reduce the prevalence of stroke from 10.1% in Finland to 23.1% in Poland. Ischemic heart disease would decrease by 6.6% in Finland to 15.5% in Poland. The number of postponed deaths would be 102,100 (0.9%) in France, and 191,300 (2.3%) in Poland. A reduction of salt intake to 5 grams per day is expected to substantially reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease and mortality in several European countries.
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