Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 494759
Title Strigolactones in the Rhizobium-legume symbiosis : Stimulatory effect on bacterial surface motility and down-regulation of their levels in nodulated plants
Author(s) Peláez-Vico, María A.; Bernabéu-Roda, Lydia; Kohlen, Wouter; Soto, María J.; López-Ráez, Juan A.
Source Plant Science 245 (2016). - ISSN 0168-9452 - p. 119 - 127.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2016.01.012
Department(s) Laboratory of Molecular Biology
EPS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Alfalfa - Bacterial motility - Nodulation - Nutrient deficiency - Sinorhizobium meliloti - Strigolactones - Swarming
Abstract

Strigolactones (SLs) are multifunctional molecules acting as modulators of plant responses under nutrient deficient conditions. One of the roles of SLs is to promote beneficial association with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi belowground under such stress conditions, mainly phosphorus shortage. Recently, a role of SLs in the Rhizobium-legume symbiosis has been also described. While SLs' function in AM symbiosis is well established, their role in the Rhizobium-legume interaction is still emerging. Recently, SLs have been suggested to stimulate surface motility of rhizobia, opening the possibility that they could also act as molecular cues. The possible effect of SLs in the motility in the alfalfa symbiont Sinorhizobium meliloti was investigated, showing that the synthetic SL analogue GR24 stimulates swarming motility in S. meliloti in a dose-dependent manner. On the other hand, it is known that SL production is regulated by nutrient deficient conditions and by AM symbiosis. Using the model alfalfa-S. meliloti, the impact of phosphorus and nitrogen deficiency, as well as of nodulation on SL production was also assessed. The results showed that phosphorus starvation promoted SL biosynthesis, which was abolished by nitrogen deficiency. In addition, a negative effect of nodulation on SL levels was detected, suggesting a conserved mechanism of SL regulation upon symbiosis establishment.

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