|Title||Phosphorus management in Europe in a changing world|
|Author(s)||Schoumans, Oscar F.; Bouraoui, Fayçal; Kabbe, Christian; Oenema, Oene; Dijk, Kimo C. van|
|Source||Ambio 44 (2015)Suppl. 2. - ISSN 0044-7447 - p. 180 - 192.|
Alterra - Sustainable soil management
Chair Soil Chemistry and Chemical Soil Quality
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Balance - Climate change - Manure - Phosphorus - Recovery - Resource cycle - Waste|
Food production in Europe is dependent on imported phosphorus (P) fertilizers, but P use is inefficient and losses to the environment high. Here, we discuss possible solutions by changes in P management. We argue that not only the use of P fertilizers and P additives in feed could be reduced by fine-tuning fertilization and feeding to actual nutrient requirements, but also P from waste has to be completely recovered and recycled in order to close the P balance of Europe regionally and become less dependent on the availability of P-rock reserves. Finally, climate-smart P management measures are needed, to reduce the expected deterioration of surface water quality resulting from climate-change-induced P loss.