Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 494980
Title Toward a harmonized approach for environmental assessment of human activities in the marine environment
Author(s) Tamis, J.E.; Vries, P. de; Jongbloed, R.H.; Lagerveld, S.; Jak, R.G.; Karman, C.C.; Wal, J.T. van der; Slijkerman, D.M.E.; Klok, T.C.
Source Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 12 (2016)4. - ISSN 1551-3793 - p. 632 - 642.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/ieam.1736
Department(s) IMARES Onderzoeksformatie
Unit Beheer Alterra - DIR
IMARES Maritiem
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) human activity - impact assessment - multiple pressures - Visualization tool
Abstract With a foreseen increase in maritime activities, and driven by new policies and conventions aiming at sustainable management of the marine ecosystem, spatial management at sea is of growing importance. Spatial management should ensure that the collective pressures caused by anthropogenic activities on the marine ecosystem are kept within acceptable levels. A multitude of approaches to environmental assessment are available to provide insight for sustainable management, and there is a need for a harmonized and integrated environmental assessment approach that can be used for different purposes and variable levels of detail. This article first provides an overview of the main types of environmental assessments: “environmental impact assessment” (EIA), “strategic environmental assessment” (SEA), “cumulative effect assessment” (CEA), and “environmental (or ecological) risk assessment” (ERA). Addressing the need for a conceptual “umbrella” for the fragmented approaches, a generic framework for environmental assessment is proposed: cumulative effects of offshore activities (CUMULEO). CUMULEO builds on the principle that activities cause pressures that may lead to adverse effects on the ecosystem. Basic elements and variables are defined that can be used consistently throughout sequential decision-making levels and diverse methodological implementations. This enables environmental assessment to start at a high strategic level (i.e., plan and/or program level), resulting in early environmental awareness and subsequently more informed, efficient, and focused project-level assessments, which has clear benefits for both industry and government. Its main strengths are simplicity, transparency, flexibility (allowing the use of both qualitative and quantitative data), and visualization, making it a powerful framework to support discussions with experts, stakeholders, and policymakers.
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