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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 495215
Title Sensitivity analysis of greenhouse gas emissions of a pork production system
Author(s) Groen, E.A.; Zanten, H.H.E. van; Bokkers, E.A.M.; Boer, I.J.M. de
Source In: Abstracts SETAC Europe 21st LCA Case Study Symposium. - SETAC - p. 8 - 8.
Event SETAC Europe 21st LCA case study symposium, 2015-07-12/2016-07-14
Department(s) Animal Production Systems
Wageningen Institute of Animal ScienceWIAS
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2015
Abstract Environmental impact of the agrifood industry has been of increasing concern, and in particular international awareness about the impact of animal production systems has been rising. Pork production, for example, is one of the largest producers of meat in Europe, and contributes considerably to the total N2O emissions. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a commonly applied framework that quantifies the environmental impact of a product over the entire chain. Emission factors that quantify e.g. volatilization of nitrogen and enteric fermentation, however, contain large ranges according to the IPCC framework. Analysing the effect of uncertainty in emission factors, can be done by means of a sensitivity analysis. Although many LCA studies have been performed, few applied a systematic and consistent sensitivity analysis to address the effect of uncertainty in emission factors on the total greenhouse gas emissions. In this study, we applied two types of sensitivity analyses: (1) based on the point values, a local sensitivity analysis (multiplier method) determines SETAC Europe 21st LCA Case Study Symposium 4 the effect of a small change in the emission factors; (2) based on the error ranges of the IPCC emission factors, a screening analysis (method of elementary effects) determines the effect of change within the actual
ranges. The two methods were applied to a case study of a Dutch pork production system. Preliminary results show that based on the local sensitivity analysis, the CH4 emissions of pig manure, followed by the N2O emissions of the production of N-fertilizer were most sensitive. Based on the screening analysis, direct and indirect N2O emissions during production of corn influenced the total greenhouse gas emissions most, followed by CH4 and N2O emissions of pig manure. The results show that based on the assumption that all emission factors can vary with the same amount (e.g. plus or minus 10%), as is assumed during a local sensitivity analysis, a different set of sensitivity parameters is found than when considering the actual ranges of the emission factors. The local sensitivity analysis can be used to develop mitigation strategies. The screening analysis indicates which emission factors have the most influence on the total greenhouse gas emissions within existing ranges, which is useful when comparing production system or assessing the reliability of the LCA results.
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