Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 495399
Title Fractionation of hemicelluloses and lignin from rice straw by combining autohydrolysis and optimised mild organosolv delignification
Author(s) Moniz, Patrícia; Lino, João; Duarte, Luís C.; Roseiro, Luísa B.; Boeriu, Carmen G.; Pereira, Helena; Carvalheiro, Florbela
Source BioResources 10 (2015)2. - ISSN 1930-2126 - p. 2626 - 2641.
DOI https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.10.2.2626-2641
Department(s) FBR Sustainable Chemistry & Technology
VLAG
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015
Keyword(s) Agricultural residues - Autohydrolysis - Biomass fractionation - Biorefinery - Hemicelluloses - Lignin - Organosolv - Pretreatment - Rice straw
Abstract

An integrated strategy was followed to valorise rice straw, one of the most relevant biomass feedstocks available worldwide, to selectively recover solubilised hemicelluloses and lignin. The pathway encompassed the use of autohydrolysis to hydrolyse the hemicelluloses and an ethanol-based organosolv process to solubilise lignin. Several autohydrolysis conditions were assayed with the best results obtained at 210 °C (log R0 4.15), which enabled high removal of hemicelluloses, yielding an oligosaccharide-rich hydrolysate and a treated biomass with low content of hemicelluloses and enriched in cellulose and lignin. The effects of ethanol concentration (5 to 75%), and reaction time (0 to 24 h) on lignin removal under mild temperature (30 °C) were studied. In optimal conditions (60.5% ethanol, 24h) the delignification yield reached 42%, whereas glucan solubilisation was below 17%. Lignin solubilisation yield was not influenced by the organosolv treatment duration while ethanol concentration favored the delignification up to 60.5% ethanol. The organosolv liquors contained economic interesting lignin-derived compounds such as vanillin, ferulic, and coumaric acids. The chemical composition and enzymatic digestibility of the treated biomass from autohydrolysis and organosolv delignification were compared, with the latter presenting an almost 10% higher enzymatic digestibility than the former.

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