Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 495806
Title Foot-and-Mouth Disease Seroprevalence in Cattle in Eritrea
Author(s) Tekleghiorghis, T.; Weerdmeester, K.; Hemert-Kluitenberg, Froukje van; Moormann, R.J.M.; Dekker, Aldo
Source Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 64 (2017)3. - ISSN 1865-1674 - p. 754 - 763.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12434
Department(s) CVI onderzoek
CVI Virology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2017
Keyword(s) Administrative regions - Eritrea - Foot-and-mouth disease virus - Seroprevalence - Serotypes - Vaccination
Abstract Information about seroprevalence of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) and virus serotypes in Eritrea is unavailable, but is very important as it may guide the choice of intervention measures including vaccination to be implemented. We carried out a cross-sectional study from February to June 2011 in Eritrea with a two-stage cluster design, sampling cattle in 155 villages with the objective of determining the seroprevalence of FMD in four administrative regions of the country. We analysed cattle sera (n = 2429) for FMD virus antibodies using the non-structural ELISA (NS ELISA) and virus neutralization test (VNT). The overall seroprevalence was 26% and 30% for the NS ELISA and VNT, respectively. FMD virus serotypes O (14%) and A (11%) were the most prevalent. Gash Barka showed the highest (39%) seroprevalence both in NS ELISA and VNT compared to the other three administrative regions. Strategic FMD virus vaccination with type O and A (matching circulating strains) in combination of zoo-sanitary measures would be the best control option for Eritrea which could be started in areas where the disease is less endemic.
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