Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 496043
Title Towards a tipping point? Exploring the capacity to self-regulate Antarctic tourism using agent-based modelling
Author(s) Student, J.R.; Amelung, B.; Lamers, M.A.J.
Source Journal of Sustainable Tourism 24 (2016)3. - ISSN 0966-9582 - p. 412 - 429.
Department(s) Environmental Policy
Environmental Systems Analysis Group
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) IAATO - agent-based modelling (ABM) - self-regulation - Antarctic tourism - simulation - scenario analysis
Abstract Antarctica attracts tourists who want to explore its unique nature and landscapes. Antarctic tourism has rapidly grown since 1991 and is currently picking up again after the recent global economic downturn. Tourism activities are subject to the rules of the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) and the decisions made by the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties (ATCPs), but within this context, the industry has considerable freedom to self-organise. The industry is self-regulated by a voluntary member-based
group, the International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (IAATO). Researchers and policy-makers express concern about IAATO’s ability to deal with further tourism development and the environmental consequences. This study applies a new approach to understand what affects self-regulation, consisting of a literature review and agent-based modelling (ABM). The review identifies four challenges for self-regulation: operator commitment, tourism growth, operator diversification, and
accidents. The ABM simulations help conceptualise the complex concepts and theories surrounding self-regulation. Self-regulation is measured by the capacity of the simulated self-regulatory system to maintain a majority membership at the end of 20 years. The model suggests that a number of the challenges are nonlinear and have tipping points. This approach provides insights that industry officials and policy-makers can use to proactively regulate Antarctic tourism.
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