Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 496055
Title Postharvest storage rots of apples and pears in the Netherlands
Author(s) Wenneker, M.; Köhl, J.; Leeuwen, P.J. van; Pham, K.T.K.; Schaik, A.C.R. van
Event III International Symosium on Postharvest Pathology: using science to increase food availability, Bari, 2015-06-07/2015-06-11
Department(s) PPO BBF Team Randwijk
PRI Bioint Entomology & Disease Management
PPO BBF Team Lisse
FBR Post Harvest Technology
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2015
Abstract Postharvest diseases are a major problem in long storage of apples and pears in the Netherlands. Despite intensive preharvest spraying Programmes significant losses occur. Over 150 heavily affected lots of apples (mainly cv. Elstar) and pears (mainly cv. Conference) from packing houses in different regions of the Netherlands were evaluated for decay symptoms and causal organisms. Assessments showed that the most important pathogens are Neofabraea spp. (apples and pears) and Cadophora spp. (pears). Infection by these two athogens occurs in the orchard but remains latent until storage. Other pathogens such as Botrytis spp., Penicillium spp., Fusarium spp., Alternaria spp., and Cladosporium spp. were isolated at low frequencies and are considered of minor importance. However, new problems with sooty blotch and lenticel rot of apple were noticed, most likely caused by other, not yet identified, pathogens. Pathogenicity testing
and characterization of isolates are on-going. For major pathogens, qPCR assays are available. Samples of substrates (e.g. leaves, cankers, soil) were monthly taken from 10 apple and 10 pear orchards in 2012. Samples were assessed using the qPCR assays for presence and dynamics of pathogen populations. This information on the pathogen life cycles is needed for the development of innovative strategies (e.g. sanitation practices) to prevent postharvest losses. Storage conditions may significantly influence disease
development. Recently, the project ‘KWALIFRUIT’ was launched to identify the
optimum harvest stage of pome fruit and optimal storage conditions for maximum fruit quality and storage life and minimal postharvest losses
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