Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 496212
Title Reporting accuracy of population dietary sodium intake using duplicate 24 h dietary recalls and a salt questionnaire
Author(s) Keyzer, W. de; Dofkova, M.; Lillegaard, I.T.L.; Maeyer, M. de; Frost Andersen, L.; Ruprich, J.; Rehurkova, I.; Geelen, Anouk; Veer, P. van 't; Henauw, S. de; Crispim, S.P.; Boer, Evelien de; Ocke, M.C.; Slimani, N.; Huybrechts, I.
Source British Journal of Nutrition 113 (2015). - ISSN 0007-1145 - p. 488 - 497.
Department(s) Chair Nutrition and Disease
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015
Keyword(s) Diet surveys - Self-reports - Biological markers/urine - Dietary sodium - European Food Consumption Validation
Abstract High dietary Na intake is associated with multiple health risks, making accurate assessment of population dietary Na intake critical. In the
present study, reporting accuracy of dietary Na intake was evaluated by 24 h urinary Na excretion using the EPIC-Soft 24 h dietary recall
(24-HDR). Participants from a subsample of the European Food Consumption Validation study (n 365; countries: Belgium, Norway and
Czech Republic), aged 45–65 years, completed two 24 h urine collections and two 24-HDR. Reporting accuracy was calculated as the
ratio of reported Na intake to that estimated from the urinary biomarker. A questionnaire on salt use was completed in order to assess
the discretionary use of table and cooking salt. The reporting accuracy of dietary Na intake was assessed using two scenarios: (1) a salt
adjustment procedure using data from the salt questionnaire; (2) without salt adjustment. Overall, reporting accuracy improved when
data from the salt questionnaire were included. The mean reporting accuracy was 0·67 (95% CI 0·62, 0·72), 0·73 (95% CI 0·68, 0·79)
and 0·79 (95% CI 0·74, 0·85) for Belgium, Norway and Czech Republic, respectively. Reporting accuracy decreased with increasing BMI among male subjects in all the three countries. For women from Belgium and Norway, reporting accuracy was highest among those classified as obese (BMI $30 kg/m2: 0·73, 95% CI 0·67, 0·81 and 0·81, 95% CI 0·77, 0·86, respectively). The findings from the present study showed considerable underestimation of dietary Na intake assessed using two 24-HDR. The questionnaire-based salt adjustment procedure improved reporting accuracy by 7–13%. Further development of both the questionnaire and EPIC-Soft databases (e.g. inclusion of a facet to describe salt content) is necessary to estimate population dietary Na intakes accurately.
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