Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 496216
Title Livestock-associated MRSA in household members of pig farmers : Transmission and dynamics of carriage, a prospective cohort study
Author(s) Cleef, B.A.G.L. Van; Benthem, B.H.B. Van; Verkade, E.J.M.; Rijen, M.M.L. Van; Kluytmans-Van Den Bergh, M.F.Q.; Graveland, Haitske; Bosch, Thijs; Verstappen, K.M.H.W.; Wagenaar, J.A.; Bos, M.E.H.; Heederik, Dick; Kluytmans, J.A.J.W.
Source PLoS One 10 (2015)5. - ISSN 1932-6203 - 13 p.
Department(s) CVI Infection Biology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015

This prospective cohort study describes carriage of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) in household members from 49 farrowing pig farms in the Netherlands (2010-2011). Of 171 household members, 4% were persistent MRSA nasal carriers, and the MRSA prevalence on any given sampling moment was 10% (range 7-11%). Working in the stables (of which 98% was MRSA-positive, prevalence ratio (PR) = 2.11 per 10 hours), working with sows (PR=1.97), and living with an MRSA-positive pig farmer (PR=4.63) were significant determinants for MRSA carriage. Significant protective factors were carriage of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) (PR=0.50), and wearing a facemask when working in the stables (37% decreased prevalence). All MRSA strains during the study period were known livestock-associated types. The bacteriophage φ3 was not found in household members. Transmission from pigs and the environment appeared to be important determinants; human-to-human transmission could not sufficiently be differentiated. Wearing a facemask when working in the stables and carriage of MSSA are potential interventional targets.

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