Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 496233
Title Fractionation of humic acid upon adsorption to goethite : Batch and column studies
Author(s) Qin, Xiaopeng; Liu, Fei; Wang, Guangcai; Hou, Hong; Li, Fasheng; Weng, Liping
Source Chemical Engineering Journal 269 (2015). - ISSN 1385-8947 - p. 272 - 278.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.01.124
Department(s) Chair Soil Chemistry and Chemical Soil Quality
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015
Keyword(s) Adsorption - Desorption - Goethite coated sand - Molecular weight - Natural organic matter - Replacement
Abstract

The fractionation and replacement of humic acid (HA) during its interactions with goethite (or goethite-coated sand) were conducted using batch and column experiments. The weight-average molecular weight (Mw) of HA in solutions was determined by a high performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC). The E2/E3 (absorbance ratio at 250nm and 365nm) and specific ultraviolet absorbance (SUVA) of HA at 280nm were measured with a UV-visible spectrophotometer and a total organic carbon (TOC) analyzer, respectively. The results indicated that HA adsorption on goethite was a fast process, and HA fractions with higher Mw and lower aromaticity were preferentially adsorbed to goethite. Kinetic experiments demonstrated that HA fractions with relatively higher Mw and aromaticity were firstly adsorbed onto the surface of goethite, and then they were replaced by lower ones in solutions, which were also confirmed in column experiments. The relative concentrations of HA in the effluent of columns increased slowly before 12 pore volume (PV), then increased sharply, and reached over 90% after 50PV. Desorption of HA from goethite-coated sand was a very slow process. HA fractions with larger size (or Mw) or lower aromaticity are easily desorbed. As a consequence, goethite had a high capacity for natural organic matter (NOM) adsorption, which would significantly affect the environmental fate of NOM and related contaminants in natural systems, and also be a potential adsorbent for NOM removal in the water treatment.

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