Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 496294
Title Bone marrow-specific caspase-1/11 deficiency inhibits atherosclerosis development in Ldlr-/- mice
Author(s) Hendrikx, Tim; Jeurissen, M.L.J.; Gorp, P.J. Van; Gijbels, M.J.; Walenbergh, S.M.A.; Houben, Tom; Gorp, Rick Van; Pöttgens, C.C.; Stienstra, Rinke; Netea, M.G.; Hofker, M.H.; Donners, M.M.P.C.; Shiri-Sverdlov, Ronit
Source FEBS Journal 282 (2015)12. - ISSN 1742-464X - p. 2327 - 2338.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/febs.13279
Department(s) Chair Nutrition Metabolism and Genomics
VLAG
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015
Keyword(s) atherosclerosis - cardiovascular diseases - caspase-1/11 - inflammasome - macrophage
Abstract

Recent investigations have suggested that inflammasome activation plays an important role during atherosclerosis. Upon activation, the inflammasome induces processing and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin 1β (IL-1β) and interleukin 18 (IL-18) via activation of caspase-1/11. Previously, it was shown that complete caspase-1 deficiency is protective against atherosclerosis development. However, while macrophages are the main inflammatory cells involved in atherosclerosis, the exact role of macrophage-specific caspase-1/11 activation during development of cardiovascular disease has never been investigated. We hypothesized that hematopoietic caspase-1/11 deficiency leads to reduced atherosclerosis development. To investigate the specific contribution of hematopoietic caspase-1/11 activation to atherosclerosis development, Ldlr-/- mice received a transplant (tp) of wild-type (WT) or caspase-1/11-/- bone marrow, to create WT-tp mice and caspase-1/11-/--tp mice, and fed a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet for 12 weeks. Our results showed an increase in anti-inflammatory blood leukocytes in caspase-1/11-/--tp mice compared with WT-tp mice, as indicated by a decreased level of Ly6Chigh monocytes and an increased level of Ly6Clow monocytes. In line with our hypothesis, hematopoietic deletion of caspase-1/11 resulted in a strong reduction in atherosclerotic plaque size. Furthermore, necrotic core content was dramatically decreased in caspase-1/11-/--tp mice. Our data indicate that hematopoietic caspase-1/11 activation is involved in vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis, and plays an important role in cardiovascular disease progression. In this study, we investigated the contribution of hematopoietic caspase-1/11 to atherosclerosis development by transferring wild-type or caspase-1/11 deficient bone marrow cells into hyperlipidemic Ldlr-/- recipient mice. Hematopoietic deletion of caspase-1/11 resulted in smaller plaque size and reduced cell death in the plaque area compared to controls. These data indicate that hematopoietic caspase-1/11 activation plays an important role in vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis.

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