Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 496489
Title Profiling chicory sesquiterpene lactones by high resolution mass spectrometry
Author(s) Graziani, G.; Ferracane, R.; Sambo, P.; Santagata, S.; Nicoletto, C.; Fogliano, V.
Source Food Research International 67 (2015). - ISSN 0963-9969 - p. 193 - 198.
Department(s) Food Quality and Design
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015
Abstract Sesquiterpene lactones (SLs) are the main determinants of radicchio bitterness and the control of their concentrations is a key point for the market value of this product. An innovative analytical approach based on two complementary mass spectrometers, Orbitrap-HRMS and MS/MS, was used for quantitative analysis of SLs in aerial part of four different varieties of chicory. Data highlighted the presence of eight SLs: 11β,13-dihydrolactucin, lactucin, 8-deoxy-lactucin, dihydro-8-deoxylactucin, dihydrolactucopicrin, lactucopicrin, lactuside C (jaquinellin glucoside) and dihydro-lactucopicrin oxalate. Significant varietal differences were found. The highest amount of SLs was found in the radicchio “Treviso Precoce” variety (189.71 μg/g), the lowest amount in “Treviso Tardivo” variety (45.78 μg/g). Lactucopicrin was the most abundant compound with concentration ranged between 99.36 in “Treviso Precoce” and 13.50 μg/g in “Treviso Tardivo” while dihydro-lactucopicrin oxalate was the less abundant in all analyzed varieties with an average concentration of about 1% on the total amount of SLs.
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