Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 496679
Title Structure and Long-Term Stability of Alkylphosphonic Acid Monolayers on SS316L Stainless Steel
Author(s) Kosian, M.; Smulders, M.M.J.; Zuilhof, H.
Source Langmuir 32 (2016)4. - ISSN 0743-7463 - p. 1047 - 1057.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b04217
Department(s) Laboratory for Organic Chemistry
VLAG
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Abstract Surface modification of stainless steel (SS316L) to improve surface properties or durability is an important avenue of research, as SS316L is widely used in industry and science. We studied, therefore, the formation and stability of a series of organic monolayers on SS316L under industrially relevant conditions. These included acidic (pH 3), basic (pH 11), neutral (Milli-Q water), and physiological conditions [10 mM phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)], as well as dry heating (120 °C). SS316L was modified with alkylphosphonic acids of chain length (CH2)n with n varying between 3 and 18. While alkylphosphonic acids of all chain lengths formed self-assembled monolayers with hydrophobic properties, only monolayers of chain lengths 12–18 formed ordered monolayers, as evidenced by static water contact angle (SCA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS). A long-term stability study revealed the excellent stability of monolayers with chain lengths 12–18 for up to 30 days in acid, neutral, and physiological solutions, and for up to 7 days under dry heating. Under strong basic conditions a partial breakdown of the monolayer was observed, especially for the shorter chain lengths. Finally, the effect of multivalent surface attachment on monolayer stability was explored by means of a series of divalent bisphosphonic acids.
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