|Title||High-Performance Capacitive Deionization Disinfection of Water with Graphene Oxide-graft-Quaternized Chitosan Nanohybrid Electrode Coating|
|Author(s)||Wang, Yilei; El-Deen, A.G.; Li, Peng; Oh, B.H.L.; Guo, Zanru; Khin, Mya Mya; Vikhe, Y.S.; Wang, Jing; Hu, R.G.; Boom, R.M.; Kline, K.A.; Becker, D.L.; Duan, Hongwei; Chan-Park, M.B.|
|Source||ACS Nano 9 (2015)10. - ISSN 1936-0851 - p. 10142 - 10157.|
Food Process Engineering
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||antimicrobial - capacitive deionization - cationic - contact-active - graphene oxide - quaternary chitosan - water disinfection|
Water disinfection materials should ideally be broad-spectrum-active, nonleachable, and noncontaminating to the liquid needing sterilization. Herein, we demonstrate a high-performance capacitive deionization disinfection (CDID) electrode made by coating an activated carbon (AC) electrode with cationic nanohybrids of graphene oxide-graft-quaternized chitosan (GO-QC). Our GO-QC/AC CDID electrode can achieve at least 99.9999% killing (i.e., 6 log reduction) of Escherichia coli in water flowing continuously through the CDID cell. Without the GO-QC coating, the AC electrode alone cannot kill the bacteria and adsorbs a much smaller fraction (4 CFU mL-1 bacteria), the GO-QC/AC electrodes can kill 99.99% of the E. coli in water for 5 h. The disinfecting GO-QC is securely attached on the AC electrode surface, so that it is noncontaminating to water, unlike many other chemicals used today. The GO-QC nanohybrids have excellent intrinsic antimicrobial properties in suspension form. Further, the GO component contributes toward the needed surface conductivity of the CDID electrode. This CDID process offers an economical method toward ultrafast, contaminant-free, and continuous killing of bacteria in biocontaminated water. The proposed strategy introduces a green in situ disinfectant approach for water purification.