|Title||Modification of Prenylated Stilbenoids in Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Seedlings by the Same Fungi That Elicited Them : The Fungus Strikes Back|
|Author(s)||Aisyah, Siti; Gruppen, Harry; Slager, Mathijs; Helmink, Bianca; Vincken, Jean Paul|
|Source||Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 63 (2015)42. - ISSN 0021-8561 - p. 9260 - 9268.|
Food Chemistry Group
Operations Research and Logistics
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Arachis hypogaea - Aspergillus oryzae - detoxification - fungal metabolism - glycosylation - groundnut - mass spectrometry - oxidative cleavage - peanut - Rhizopus oryzae|
Aspergillus oryzae and Rhizopus oryzae were compared for inducing the production of prenylated stilbenoids in peanut seedlings. The fungus was applied at two different time points: directly after soaking (day 1) or after 2 days of germination (day 3). Aspergillus- and Rhizopus-elicited peanut seedlings accumulated an array of prenylated stilbenoids, with overlap in compounds induced, but also with compounds specific to the fungal treatment. The differences were confirmed to be due to modification of prenylated stilbenoids by the fungus itself. Each fungus appeared to deploy different strategies for modification. The content of prenylated stilbenoids modified by fungi accounted for around 8% to 49% (w/w) of total stilbenoids. The contents of modified prenylated stilbenoids were higher when the fungus was applied on day 1 instead of day 3. Altogether, type of fungus and time point of inoculation appeared to be crucial parameters for optimizing accumulation of prenylated stilbenoids in peanut seedlings.