|Title||Industrial symbiosis as sustainable development strategy : Adding a change perspective|
|Author(s)||Verguts, Veerle; Dessein, Joost; Dewulf, Art; Lauwers, Ludwig; Werkman, Renate; Termeer, C.J.A.M.|
|Source||International Journal of Sustainable Development 19 (2016)1. - ISSN 0960-1406 - p. 15 - 35.|
Public Administration and Policy
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Change perspective - Change process - Continuous change - Dual-perspective framework - Eco-industrial development - Episodic change - Greenhouse parks - Industrial ecology - Industrial symbiosis - Intervention - Sustainability - Sustainable development|
Industrial symbiosis (IS) is the coordination of energy and material flows among geographically proximate firms to increase economic performance while reducing environmental impact. Although IS is gaining popularity as a sustainability strategy, implementation is proving difficult. In an attempt to understand these roadblocks to implementation, we analyse the development and realisation of IS systems as complex change processes. Based on insights from organisational change literature we introduce the dual-perspective framework as an additional way to look at these IS change processes. Our framework combines two different but complementary perspectives to analyse IS: episodic change, meaning occasional and radical change driven by exogenous factors or interventions; and continuous change, meaning ongoing changes resulting from constant micro-adaptations. By adding insights on the nature of change, this framework extends the analytical reach and identifies situation-adapted intervention strategies. The framework is applied to a case of Flemish (Belgian) eco-industrial greenhouse park development.