Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 497005
Title Ecological Innovation : Biomimicry as a New Way of Thinking and Acting Ecologically
Author(s) Blok, Vincent; Gremmen, Bart
Source Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (2016)2. - ISSN 1187-7863 - p. 203 - 217.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10806-015-9596-1
Department(s) Management Studies
WASS
Philosophy
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Biomimicry - Ecological innovation - Mimesis - Nature as measure - Technological innovation
Abstract

In this article, we critically reflect on the concept of biomimicry. On the basis of an analysis of the concept of biomimicry in the literature and its philosophical origin, we distinguish between a strong and a weaker concept of biomimicry. The strength of the strong concept of biomimicry is that nature is seen as a measure by which to judge the ethical rightness of our technological innovations, but its weakness is found in questionable presuppositions. These presuppositions are addressed by the weaker concept of biomimicry, but at the price that it is no longer possible to distinguish between exploitative and ecological types of technological innovations. We compare both concepts of biomimicry by critically reflecting on four dimensions of the concept of biomimicry: mimesis, technology, nature, and ethics.

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