|Title||Ecological Innovation : Biomimicry as a New Way of Thinking and Acting Ecologically|
|Author(s)||Blok, Vincent; Gremmen, Bart|
|Source||Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (2016)2. - ISSN 1187-7863 - p. 203 - 217.|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Biomimicry - Ecological innovation - Mimesis - Nature as measure - Technological innovation|
In this article, we critically reflect on the concept of biomimicry. On the basis of an analysis of the concept of biomimicry in the literature and its philosophical origin, we distinguish between a strong and a weaker concept of biomimicry. The strength of the strong concept of biomimicry is that nature is seen as a measure by which to judge the ethical rightness of our technological innovations, but its weakness is found in questionable presuppositions. These presuppositions are addressed by the weaker concept of biomimicry, but at the price that it is no longer possible to distinguish between exploitative and ecological types of technological innovations. We compare both concepts of biomimicry by critically reflecting on four dimensions of the concept of biomimicry: mimesis, technology, nature, and ethics.