Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 497066
Title Minimum Participation Rules with Heterogeneous Countries
Author(s) Weikard, Hans Peter; Wangler, Leo; Freytag, Andreas
Source Environmental and Resource Economics 62 (2015)4. - ISSN 0924-6460 - p. 711 - 727.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10640-014-9861-1
Department(s) Environmental Economics and Natural Resources Group
WIMEK
WASS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015
Keyword(s) Coalition formation - Environmental policy coordination - International environmental agreements - Minimum participation rules - Transboundary pollution
Abstract

Almost all international environmental agreements include a minimum participation rule. Under such rule an agreement becomes legally binding if and only if a certain threshold in terms of membership or contribution is reached. We analyse a cartel game with open membership and heterogeneous countries to study the endogenous choice of a minimum participation rule and its role for the success of international environmental agreements. While a full participation requirement would be efficient, we find (sequential) equilibria with a minimum participation rule that allows at least one country to free ride. Free riding may occur if a country can exploit some bargaining power in the negotiation of the minimum participation rule.

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