Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 497637
Title Generic Indicators of Ecological Resilience: Inferring the Chance of a Critical Transition
Author(s) Scheffer, M.; Carpenter, S.; Dakos, V.; Nes, E.H. van
Source Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 46 (2015). - ISSN 1543-592X - p. 145 - 167.
Department(s) Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015
Keyword(s) Alternative stable states - Big data - Critical transitions - Early warning signals - Resilience - Tipping point
Abstract Ecological resilience is the ability of a system to persist in the face of perturbations. Although resilience has been a highly influential concept, its interpretation has remained largely qualitative. Here we describe an emerging family of methods for quantifying resilience on the basis of observations. A first set of methods is based on the phenomenon of critical slowing down, which implies that recovery upon small perturbations becomes slower as a system approaches a tipping point. Such slowing down can be measured experimentally but may also be indirectly inferred from changes in natural fluctuations and spatial patterns. A second group of methods aims to characterize the resilience of alternative states in probabilistic terms based on large numbers of observations as in long time series or satellite images. These generic approaches to measuring resilience complement the system-specific knowledge needed to infer the effects of environmental change on the resilience of complex systems. Copyright © 2015 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
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