Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 497752
Title Comparison of fractionation methods for nitrogen and starch in maize and grass silages
Author(s) Ali, M.; Jonge, L.H. de; Cone, J.W.; Duinkerken, G. van; Blok, M.C.; Bruinenberg, M.H.; Hendriks, W.H.
Source Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 100 (2016)3. - ISSN 0931-2439 - p. 526 - 531.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12386
Department(s) LR - Animal Nutrition
Animal Nutrition
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Modified method - Nitrogen - Silages - Starch - Washing machine method
Abstract

In in situ nylon bag technique, many feed evaluation systems use a washing machine method (WMM) to determine the washout (W) fraction and to wash the rumen incubated nylon bags. As this method has some disadvantages, an alternate modified method (MM) was recently introduced. The aim of this study was to determine and compare the W and non-washout (D+U) fractions of nitrogen (N) and/or starch of maize and grass silages, using the WMM and the MM. Ninety-nine maize silage and 99 grass silage samples were selected with a broad range in chemical composition. The results showed a large range in the W, soluble (S) and D+U fractions of N of maize and grass silages and the W, insoluble washout (W-S) and D+U fractions of starch of maize silages, determined by both methods, due to variation in their chemical composition. The values for N fractions of maize and grass silages obtained with both methods were found different (p <0.001). Large differences (p <0.001) were found in the D+U fraction of starch of maize silages which might be due to different methodological approaches, such as different rinsing procedures (washing vs. shaking), duration of rinsing (40 min vs. 60 min) and different solvents (water vs. buffer solution). The large differences (p <0.001) in the W-S and D+U fractions of starch determined with both methods can led to different predicted values for the effective rumen starch degradability. In conclusion, the MM with one recommended shaking procedure, performed under identical and controlled experimental conditions, can give more reliable results compared to the WMM, using different washing programs and procedures.

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